granary


Namegranary JSON
Version 4.0 PyPI version JSON
download
home_pagehttps://github.com/snarfed/granary
SummaryThe social web translator
upload_time2022-03-24 05:54:31
maintainer
docs_urlNone
authorRyan Barrett
requires_python>=3.6
licensePublic domain
keywords social facebook flickr github instagram twitter activitystreams html microformats2 meetup mf2 atom rss jsonfeed
VCS
bugtrack_url
requirements No requirements were recorded.
Travis-CI No Travis.
coveralls test coverage No coveralls.
            <img src="https://raw.github.com/snarfed/granary/master/static/granary_logo_512.png" alt="Granary" width="128" /> granary [![Circle CI](https://circleci.com/gh/snarfed/granary.svg?style=svg)](https://circleci.com/gh/snarfed/granary) [![Coverage Status](https://coveralls.io/repos/github/snarfed/granary/badge.svg?branch=master)](https://coveralls.io/github/snarfed/granary?branch=master)
===

The social web translator. Fetches and converts data between social networks, HTML and JSON with [microformats2](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2), [ActivityStreams](http://activitystrea.ms/), [Atom](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4287), [JSON Feed](https://jsonfeed.org/), and more.

* [About](#about)
* [Using](#using)
  * [Using the REST API](#using-the-rest-api)
  * [Using the library](#using-the-library)
* [Troubleshooting/FAQ](#troubleshootingfaq)
* [Future work](#future-work)
* [Development](#development)
* [Release instructions](#release-instructions)
* [Related work](#related-work)
* [Changelog](#changelog)


About
---

Granary is a library and REST API that fetches and converts between a wide variety of data sources and formats:

* Facebook, Flickr, GitHub, Instagram, Mastodon, and Twitter native APIs
* Instagram and Facebook scraped HTML
* [ActivityStreams](http://activitystrea.ms/) 1.0 and 2.0 (JSON)
* HTML and JSON with [microformats2](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2)
* [Atom](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4287), [RSS 2.0](http://www.rssboard.org/rss-specification), [JSON Feed](https://jsonfeed.org/)
* Plain XML

[Free](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Threshing) yourself from silo API [chaff](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaff) and expose the sweet social data foodstuff inside in standard formats and protocols!

Here's how to get started:

* Granary is [available on PyPi.](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/granary/) Install with `pip install granary`.
* [Getting started docs.](#using)
* [Reference docs.](https://granary.readthedocs.io/en/latest/source/granary.html)
* REST API and demo app at [granary.io](https://granary.io/).
* [Source code on GitHub.](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/)

License: This project is placed in the public domain.


Using
---

The library and REST API are both based on the [OpenSocial Activity Streams service](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service). Let's start with an example. This code using the library:

```python
from granary import twitter
...
tw = twitter.Twitter(ACCESS_TOKEN_KEY, ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET)
tw.get_activities(group_id='@friends')
```

is equivalent to this `HTTP GET` request:

```
https://granary.io/twitter/@me/@friends/@app/
  ?access_token_key=ACCESS_TOKEN_KEY&access_token_secret=ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET
```

They return the authenticated user's Twitter stream, ie tweets from the people they follow. Here's the JSON output:

```json
{
  "itemsPerPage": 10,
  "startIndex": 0,
  "totalResults": 12,
  "items": [{
      "verb": "post",
      "id": "tag:twitter.com,2013:374272979578150912",
      "url": "http://twitter.com/evanpro/status/374272979578150912",
      "content": "Getting stuff for barbecue tomorrow. No ribs left! Got some nice tenderloin though. (@ Metro Plus Famille Lemay) http://t.co/b2PLgiLJwP",
      "actor": {
      "username": "evanpro",
        "displayName": "Evan Prodromou",
        "description": "Prospector.",
        "url": "http://twitter.com/evanpro",
      },
      "object": {
        "tags": [{
            "url": "http://4sq.com/1cw5vf6",
            "startIndex": 113,
            "length": 22,
            "objectType": "article"
          }, "..."],
      },
    }, "..."]
  "..."
}
```

The request parameters are the same for both, all optional: `USER_ID` is a source-specific id or `@me` for the authenticated user. `GROUP_ID` may be `@all`, `@friends` (currently identical to `@all`), `@self`, `@search`, or `@blocks`; `APP_ID` is currently ignored; best practice is to use `@app` as a placeholder.

Paging is supported via the `startIndex` and `count` parameters. They're self explanatory, and described in detail in the [OpenSearch spec](http://www.opensearch.org/Specifications/OpenSearch/1.1#The_.22count.22_parameter) and [OpenSocial spec](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service).

When using the `GROUP_ID` `@search` (for platforms that support it — currently Twitter and Instagram), provide a search string via the `q` parameter. The API is loosely based on the [OpenSearch spec](http://www.opensearch.org/Specifications/OpenSearch/1.1#OpenSearch_URL_template_syntax), the [OpenSocial Core Container spec](http://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.5.1/Core-Container.xml#rfc.section.11.2), and the [OpenSocial Core Gadget spec](http://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.5.1/Core-Gadget.xml#OpenSearch).

Output data is [JSON Activity Streams 1.0](http://activitystrea.ms/specs/json/1.0/) objects wrapped in the [OpenSocial envelope](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service), which puts the activities in the top-level `items` field as a list and adds the `itemsPerPage`, `totalCount`, etc. fields.

Most Facebook requests and all Twitter, Instagram, and Flickr requests will need OAuth access tokens. If you're using Python on Google App Engine, [oauth-dropins](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins) is an easy way to add OAuth client flows for these sites. Otherwise, here are the sites' authentication docs: [Facebook](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/facebook-login/access-tokens/), [Flickr](https://www.flickr.com/services/api/auth.oauth.html), [Instagram](http://instagram.com/developer/authentication/), [Twitter](https://dev.twitter.com/docs/auth/3-legged-authorization).

If you get an access token and pass it along, it will be used to sign and authorize the underlying requests to the sources providers. See the demos on the REST API [endpoints above](#about) for examples.


Using the REST API
---

The [endpoints above](#about) all serve the [OpenSocial Activity Streams REST API](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service). Request paths are of the form:

```
/USER_ID/GROUP_ID/APP_ID/ACTIVITY_ID?startIndex=...&count=...&format=FORMAT&access_token=...
```

All query parameters are optional. `FORMAT` may be `as1` (the default), `as2`, `atom`, `html`, `jsonfeed`, `mf2-json`, `rss`, or `xml` (the default). `atom` supports a boolean `reader` query parameter for toggling rendering appropriate to feed readers, e.g. location is rendered in content when `reader=true` (the default). The rest of the path elements and query params are [described above](#using).

Errors are returned with the appropriate HTTP response code, e.g. 403 for Unauthorized, with details in the response body.

By default, responses are cached and reused for 10m without re-fetching the source data. (Instagram responses are cached for 60m.) You can prevent this by adding the `cache=false` query parameter to your request.

Include the `shares=false` query parameter to omit shares, eg Twitter retweets, from the results.

To use the REST API in an existing ActivityStreams client, you'll need to hard-code exceptions for the domains you want to use e.g. `facebook.com`, and redirect HTTP requests to the corresponding [endpoint above](#about).

Facebook and Instagram are disabled in the REST API entirely, sadly.


Using the library
---

See the [example above](#using) for a quick start guide.

Clone or download this repo into a directory named `granary` (note the underscore instead of dash). Each source works the same way. Import the module for the source you want to use, then instantiate its class by passing the HTTP handler object. The handler should have a `request` attribute for the current HTTP request.

The useful methods are `get_activities()` and `get_actor()`, which returns the current authenticated user (if any). See the [individual method docstrings](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/blob/master/source.py) for details. All return values are Python dicts of decoded ActivityStreams 1 JSON.

The `microformats2.*_to_html()` functions are also useful for rendering ActivityStreams 1 objects as nicely formatted HTML.


Troubleshooting/FAQ
---
Check out the [oauth-dropins Troubleshooting/FAQ section](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins#troubleshootingfaq). It's pretty comprehensive and applies to this project too. For searchability, here are a handful of error messages that [have solutions there](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins#troubleshootingfaq):

```
bash: ./bin/easy_install: ...bad interpreter: No such file or directory

ImportError: cannot import name certs

ImportError: cannot import name tweepy

File ".../site-packages/tweepy/auth.py", line 68, in _get_request_token
  raise TweepError(e)
TweepError: must be _socket.socket, not socket
```


Future work
---

We'd love to add more sites! Off the top of my head, [YouTube](http://youtu.be/), [Tumblr](http://tumblr.com/), [WordPress.com](http://wordpress.com/), [Sina Weibo](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sina_Weibo), [Qzone](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qzone), and [RenRen](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renren) would be good candidates. If you're looking to get started, implementing a new site is a good place to start. It's pretty self contained and the existing sites are good examples to follow, but it's a decent amount of work, so you'll be familiar with the whole project by the end.


Development
---
Pull requests are welcome! Feel free to [ping me](http://snarfed.org/about) with any questions.

First, fork and clone this repo. Then, you'll need the [Google Cloud SDK](https://cloud.google.com/sdk/) with the `gcloud-appengine-python` and `gcloud-appengine-python-extras` [components](https://cloud.google.com/sdk/docs/components#additional_components). Once you have them, set up your environment by running these commands in the repo root directory:

```shell
gcloud config set project granary-demo
python3 -m venv local
source local/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt
ln -s local/lib/python3*/site-packages/oauth_dropins/static oauth_dropins_static
```

Now, run the tests to check that everything is set up ok:

```shell
gcloud beta emulators datastore start --no-store-on-disk --consistency=1.0 --host-port=localhost:8089 < /dev/null >& /dev/null &
python3 -m unittest discover
```

Finally, run the web app locally with [`flask run`](https://flask.palletsprojects.com/en/2.0.x/cli/#run-the-development-server):

```shell
GAE_ENV=localdev FLASK_ENV=development flask run -p 8080
```

Open [localhost:8080](http://localhost:8080/) and you should see the granary home page!

If you want to work on [oauth-dropins](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins) at the same time, install it in editable mode with `pip install -e <path to oauth-dropins repo>`. You'll also need to update the `oauth_dropins_static` symlink, which is needed for serving static file handlers locally: `ln -sf <path-to-oauth-dropins-repo>/oauth_dropins/static oauth_dropins_static`.

To deploy to production:

```shell
gcloud -q beta app deploy --no-cache granary-demo *.yaml
```

The docs are built with [Sphinx](http://sphinx-doc.org/), including [apidoc](http://www.sphinx-doc.org/en/stable/man/sphinx-apidoc.html), [autodoc](http://www.sphinx-doc.org/en/stable/ext/autodoc.html), and [napoleon](http://www.sphinx-doc.org/en/stable/ext/napoleon.html). Configuration is in [`docs/conf.py`](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/blob/master/docs/conf.py) To build them, first install Sphinx with `pip install sphinx`. (You may want to do this outside your virtualenv; if so, you'll need to reconfigure it to see system packages with `virtualenv --system-site-packages local`.) Then, run [`docs/build.sh`](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/blob/master/docs/build.sh).

[This ActivityStreams validator](http://activitystreamstester.appspot.com/) is useful for manual testing.


Release instructions
---
Here's how to package, test, and ship a new release. (Note that this is [largely duplicated in the oauth-dropins readme too](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins#release-instructions).)

1. Run the unit tests.
   ```sh
   source local/bin/activate.csh
   CLOUDSDK_CORE_PROJECT=granary-demo gcloud beta emulators datastore start --no-store-on-disk --consistency=1.0 --host-port=localhost:8089 < /dev/null >& /dev/null &
   sleep 5
   python3 -m unittest discover
   kill %1
   deactivate
   ```
1. Bump the version number in `setup.py` and `docs/conf.py`. `git grep` the old version number to make sure it only appears in the changelog. Change the current changelog entry in `README.md` for this new version from _unreleased_ to the current date.
1. Bump the `oauth-dropins` version specifier in `setup.py` to the most recent version.
1. Build the docs. If you added any new modules, add them to the appropriate file(s) in `docs/source/`. Then run `./docs/build.sh`. Check that the generated HTML looks fine by opening `docs/_build/html/index.html` and looking around.
1. `git commit -am 'release vX.Y'`
1. Upload to [test.pypi.org](https://test.pypi.org/) for testing.
   ```sh
   python3 setup.py clean build sdist
   setenv ver X.Y
   source local/bin/activate.csh
   twine upload -r pypitest dist/granary-$ver.tar.gz
   ```
1. Install from test.pypi.org.
   ```sh
   python3 -m venv local
   source local/bin/activate.csh
   pip3 uninstall granary # make sure we force Pip to use the uploaded version
   pip3 install --upgrade pip
   pip3 install mf2py==1.1.2
   pip3 install -i https://test.pypi.org/simple --extra-index-url https://pypi.org/simple granary==$ver
   deactivate
   ```
1. Smoke test that the code trivially loads and runs.
   ```sh
   source local/bin/activate.csh
   python3
   # run test code below
   deactivate
   ```
   Test code to paste into the interpreter:
   ```py
   import json
   from granary import github
   github.__file__  # check that it's in the virtualenv

   g = github.GitHub('XXX')  # insert a GitHub personal OAuth access token
   a = g.get_activities()
   print(json.dumps(a, indent=2))

   from granary import atom
   print(atom.activities_to_atom(a, {}))
   ```
1. Tag the release in git. In the tag message editor, delete the generated comments at bottom, leave the first line blank (to omit the release "title" in github), put `### Notable changes` on the second line, then copy and paste this version's changelog contents below it.
   ```sh
   git tag -a v$ver --cleanup=verbatim
   git push && git push --tags
   ```
1. [Click here to draft a new release on GitHub.](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/releases/new) Enter `vX.Y` in the _Tag version_ box. Leave _Release title_ empty. Copy `### Notable changes` and the changelog contents into the description text box.
1. Upload to [pypi.org](https://pypi.org/)!
   ```sh
   twine upload dist/granary-$ver.tar.gz
   ```
1. [Build the docs on Read the Docs](https://readthedocs.org/projects/granary/builds/): first choose _latest_ in the drop-down, then click _Build Version_.
1. On the [Versions page](https://readthedocs.org/projects/oauth-dropins/versions/), check that the new version is active, If it's not, activate it in the _Activate a Version_ section.


Related work
--

[Apache Streams](http://streams.incubator.apache.org/) is a similar project that translates between storage systems and database as well as social schemas. It's a Java library, and its design is heavily structured. [Here's the list of formats it supports.](http://streams.incubator.apache.org/site/0.3-incubating-SNAPSHOT/streams-project/streams-contrib/index.html) It's mainly used by [People Pattern](http://www.peoplepattern.com/).

[Gnip](http://gnip.com/) similarly [converts social network data to ActivityStreams](http://support.gnip.com/documentation/activity_streams_intro.html) and supports [many more source networks](http://gnip.com/sources/). Unfortunately, it's commercial, there's no free trial or self-serve signup, and [plans start at $500](http://gnip.com/products/pricing/).

[DataSift](http://datasift.com/) looks like broadly the same thing, except they offer [self-serve, pay as you go billing](http://dev.datasift.com/docs/billing), and they use [their own proprietary output format](http://dev.datasift.com/docs/getting-started/data) instead of ActivityStreams. They're also aimed more at data mining as opposed to individual user access.

[Cliqset's FeedProxy](http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/cliqset_activity_streams_api.php) used to do this kind of format translation, but unfortunately it and Cliqset died.

Facebook [used to](https://developers.facebook.com/blog/post/225/) [officially](https://developers.facebook.com/blog/post/2009/08/05/streamlining-the-open-stream-apis/) [support](https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/activity-streams/-b0LmeUExXY) ActivityStreams, but that's also dead.

There are a number of products that download your social network data, normalize it, and let you query and visualize it. [SocialSafe](http://socialsafe.net/) is one, although the SSL certificate is currently out of date. [ThinkUp](http://web.archive.org/web/20161108212106/http://www.thinkup.com/) was an open source product, but shuttered on 18 July 2016. There's also the lifelogging/lifestream aggregator vein of projects that pull data from multiple source sites. [Storytlr](https://github.com/storytlr/storytlr) is a good example. It doesn't include Facebook, or Instagram, but does include a number of smaller source sites. There are lots of others, e.g. the [Lifestream WordPress plugin](http://www.enthropia.com/labs/wp-lifestream/). Unfortunately, these are generally aimed at end users, not developers, and don't usually expose libraries or REST APIs.

On the open source side, there are many related projects. [php-mf2-shim](https://github.com/indieweb/php-mf2-shim) adds [microformats2](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2) to Facebook and Twitter's raw HTML. [sockethub](https://github.com/sockethub/sockethub) is a similar "polyglot" approach, but more focused on writing than reading.


Changelog
---
### 4.0 - 2022-03-23

_Breaking changes:_

* Drop Python 3.5 support. Python 3.6 is now the minimum required version.

_Non-breaking changes:_

* RSS:
  * Add support for RSS input via new `rss.to_activities` function.
* Add new `include_shares` kwarg to `get_activities`, implemented for Twitter and Mastodon. Defaults to `True`. If `False`, shares (retweets in Twitter, boosts in Mastodon) will be discarded and not returned. Also add a corresponding `shares` query param to the REST API.
* Instagram (scraping):
  * Handle media items with no `user` object, add new fetch for comments.
  * Add `Instagram.merge_scraped_comments()`.
* ActivityStreams 2:
  * Handle error when `type` isn't a string.
* Reddit:
  * Implement `get_activities()` to fetch posts by the current user or a user specified with `user_id`.
* Facebook scraping:
  * Skip "Suggested for you" posts.
  * Add `log_html` kwarg to `get_activities`; defaults to False.
  * Miscellaneous bug fixes.
* JSONFeed:
  * Handle malformed `items.author` element.

### 3.2 - 2021-09-15
* `Source.original_post_discovery`: add new `include_reserved_hosts` kwarg, defaults to `True`.
* Instagram:
  * Update scraping to handle new `feed_v2` JSON format.
* Facebook:
  * Scraping: handle pictures, videos, link attachments, and text links in timeline/news feed posts.
* Mastodon:
  * Bug fix for `get_activities()` with `fetch_mentions=True`: handle notifications with `status: null`. Maybe happens when a status is deleted?
  * `create`/`preview_create`: support bookmarks. (Nothing special happens with them; their `content` is posted as a normal toot.)
* microformats2:
  * Stop rendering `image.displayName` as visible text in HTML, since it's already in the `<img>`'s `alt` attribute.
  * Add [`bookmark-of`](https://indieweb.org/bookmark#How_to_markup) support.
  * Add `prefix_image_urls()` function.
  * Handle null `content` in AS1/2 objects.
  * `json_to_object` bug fix for composite `bookmark-of` properties.
* Twitter:
  * `create`/`preview`: [support large videos](https://twittercommunity.com/t/large-file-can-not-be-finalized-synchronously/82929/3) via async upload. We now pass `media_category=tweet_video` to the chunked upload `INIT` stage, and then make blocking `STATUS` calls until the video is finished processing. ([bridgy#1043](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1043))
  * `create`/`preview`: allow bookmarks. ([bridgy#1045](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1045))
  * `create`/`preview`: allow non-Twitter replies, ie activities that include `inReplyTo` URLs even if none of them point to a tweet. ([bridgy#1063](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1063))
  * `get_activities`: support list ids as well as slugs.
  * Bug fixes for removing t.co links to quoted tweets.
  * Bug fix for multiple instances of the same link in tweet text.
  * `get_activities()`: raise `ValueError` on invalid `user_id`.
* REST API: ported web framework from webapp2 to Flask. No user-visible behavior change expected.

### 3.1 - 2021-04-03

* Add Python 3.8 support, drop 3.3 and 3.4. Python 3.5 is now the minimum required version.
* Add [Pixelfed](https://pixelfed.org/)! Heavily based on Mastodon.
* Standardize Instagram's and Facebook's scraping into new common `scraped_to_activities()`, `scraped_to_activity()`, and `merge_scraped_reactions()` methods.
* Atom:
  * Add the `summary` element ([#157](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/157)).
* REST API:
  * Bug fix: URL-encode Unicode characters in `Link` HTTP headers (eg `rel=self`, `rel=header`).
* Facebook:
  * Scraping now uses [mbasic.facebook.com](https://mbasic.facebook.com/) instead of [m.facebook.com](https://m.facebook.com/).
* Flickr:
  * Add support for adding tags to existing photos ([bridgy#857](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/857)).
  * `get_comment()`: skip fetching comments from API if `activity` kwarg is provided and contains the requested comment.
* GitHub:
  * Handle [HTTP 451 Unavailable for Legal Reasons](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTP_451) responses ([eg for DMCA takedowns](https://developer.github.com/changes/2016-03-17-the-451-status-code-is-now-supported/)) gracefully.
  * Add create/preview support for reactions on pull review request comments (ie URLs with `#discussion_r...` fragments).
* HTML/microformats2:
  * Add `aria-hidden="true"` to empty links ([bridgy#947](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/947)).
  * Bug fix: escape `&`, `<`, and `>` characters in bare mf2 `content` properties ([aaronpk/XRay#102](https://github.com/aaronpk/XRay/issues/102)).
  * `json_to_object()`: convert `nickname` to `username`.
* JSON Feed:
  * Gracefully handle when `content_html` and `content_text` are [incorrectly](https://jsonfeed.org/version/1#items) lists instead of strings.
* Instagram:
  * Include threaded (ie nested) comments in scraping ([bridgy#958](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/958)).
* Mastodon:
  * Bug fix for alt text with image attachments ([bridgy#975](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/975)).
  * Omit empty `limit` param [for compatibility with Pleroma](https://git.pleroma.social/pleroma/pleroma/-/issues/2198) ([bridgy#977](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/977)).
* Meetup:
  * `create()`: handle API errors and return the error message in the `CreationResult` ([bridgy#921](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/921)).
* Twitter:
  * Bug fix: URL-encode list names in API calls.
  * Bug fix: propagate alt text into AS1 `photo.displayName` so that it gets all the way into microformats2 JSON and HTML ([#183](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/183)).
* Reddit:
  * Implement `post_id()`.
  * Cache user data fetched from the API for 5m to avoid repeating user profile API requests ([bridgy#1021](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1021)).
    when fetching multiple comments or posts from the same author
  * Bug fix: use 'displayName' instead of 'name' in AS1 objects for submissions.
  * Bug fix: use tag URIs for activity ids.
* ActivityStreams 2:
  * `to_as1()`: for `Create` activities, include the activity actor's data in the object's author ([snarfed/bridgy-fed#75](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy-fed/issues/75)).
  * `to_as1()`: convert `preferredUsername` to `username`.
  * `from_as1()`: convert `username` to `preferredUsername`.
  * `from_as1()`: bug fix, make `context` kwarg actually work.

### 3.0 - 2020-04-08

_Breaking changes:_

* _Python 2 is no longer supported!_ Including the [App Engine Standard Python 2 runtime](https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/python/). On the plus side, the [Python 3 runtime](https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/python3/) is now supported! See this [list of differences](https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/python3/python-differences) for more details.

Non-breaking changes:

* Migrate demo app and API to the App Engine Standard Python 3 runtime.
* Instagram:
  * Scraping: fetch 50 likes instead of 24. ([snarfed/bridgy#898](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/898))
  * Scraping bug fix for `get_actor()` with `user_id`.
* Twitter:
  * Add [image alt text](https://blog.twitter.com/developer/en_us/a/2016/alt-text-support-for-twitter-cards-and-the-rest-api.html) support to `get_activites()` etc ([#183](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/183)).
* RSS:
  * Add `itunes:image`, `itunes:author`, and `itunes:category`.
  * Strip HTML from `title` element ([#177](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/177)). [Background.](https://validator.w3.org/feed/docs/warning/ContainsHTML.html)
  * Always include author in items ([#177](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/177)).
  * Bug fix: extract feed image from `hfeed` correctly.
  * Bug fix: don't crash on `article` or `mention` tags in items with enclosures.
* Atom:
  * Bug fix: extract feed image from `hfeed` correctly.
* REST API:
  * Add HTTP `HEAD` support.
  * Add support for URL fragments with `input=html`. If a fragment is provided, only that specific element is extracted and converted. ([#185](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/185))
* GitHub:
  * Publish: preserve `<code>` tags instead of converting them to \`s so that GitHub renders HTML entities like `&gt;` inside them instead of leaving them escaped. [Background.](https://chat.indieweb.org/dev/2019-12-24#t1577174464779200)
* JSON Feed:
  * Handle malformed attachments better.
* microformats2:
  * Don't crash on string `context` fields.
  * `html_to_activities()`: limit to `h-entry`, `h-event`, and `h-cite` items ([#192](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/192)).
* The `cache` kwarg to `Source.original_post_discovery()` now has no effect. `webutil.util.follow_redirects()` has its own built in caching now.
* Added Meetup.com support for publishing RSVPs.

### 2.2 - 2019-11-02
* Add Mastodon support!
* Add Python 3.7 support, and improve overall Python 3 compatibility.
* Update a number of dependencies.
* Switch from Python's built in `json` module to [`ujson`](https://github.com/esnme/ultrajson/) to speed up JSON parsing and encoding.
* Add `duration` and `size` support to ActivityStreams 1 and 2, RSS, and microformats2 HTML and JSON. [microformats2 support is still emerging for both](https://indieweb.org/podcast#Brainstorming). Both integer seconds and [ISO 8601 string durations](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_8601#Durations) are supported for `duration`. Integer bytes is used for `size` everywhere. microformats2 HTML also includes human-readable strings, eg `5.1 MB`. ([#169](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/169))
* Twitter:
  * `[preview]_create()`: detect attempts to upload [images over 5MB](https://developer.twitter.com/en/docs/media/upload-media/uploading-media/media-best-practices#image-specs) and return an error.
* Facebook:
  * Add `get_activities(scrape=True)` for scraping HTML from [m.facebook.com](https://m.facebook.com/). Requires `c_user` and `xs` cookies from a logged in session ([snarfed/bridgy#886](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/886)).
  * [Upgrade Graph API version from 2.10 to 4.0.](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/graph-api/changelog)
* Atom:
  * Bug fix for de-duping images in attachments.
* RSS:
  * Wrap all `<description>` element contents in `CDATA` sections.
  * Render images in `<description>` with HTML `<img>` tags ([#175](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/175)).
  * `from_activities()` bug fix: don't crash when converting multiple attachments to enclosures in a single item. (RSS only supports one enclosure per item, so we now only include the first, and log a warning if the activity has more.)

### 2.1 - 2019-09-04
* Convert AS2 `Mention` tags to AS1 `objectType` `mention` (non-standard) and vice versa ([snarfed/bridgy-fed#46](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy-fed/issues/46)).
* Twitter:
  * Bug fix for large block list fetches that get rate limited after a few successful requests.
  * Handle HTTP 403 + error code 200 when fetching retweets for a protected or otherwise unavailable tweet ([bridgy#688](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/688#issuecomment-520600329)).
  * Demote @-mentions from [person-tags](https://indieweb.org/person-tag) to [mentions](https://indieweb.org/mention). Specifically, this means they'll no longer get rendered with `u-category` mf2.
* Instagram:
  * Disabled in the REST API entirely due to Instagram's aggressive rate limiting and blocking ([bridgy#655](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/665#issuecomment-524977427)).
  * Update scraping to handle replies in new `edge_media_to_parent_comment` field ([#164](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/164)).
  * Use cookie for all scraping HTTP requests, not just for likes.
* microformats2:
  * Revise whitespace handling; use `white-space: pre` CSS in HTML output.
* Facebook:
  * Bug fix: don't interpret `photo.php` as username in post URLs.
* Atom:
  * Switch from `white-space: pre` CSS back to converting newlines to `<br>`s because some feed readers ([eg NewsBlur](https://forum.newsblur.com/t/android-cant-read-line-pre-formatted-lines/6116)) follow it too strictly and don't even line wrap.
* RSS:
  * Default title to ellipsized content.

### 2.0 - 2019-03-01

_Breaking change_: drop Google+ since [it shuts down in March](https://developers.google.com/+/api-shutdown). Notably, this removes the `googleplus` module.

### 1.15 - 2019-02-28
* Add RSS 2.0 output! ([#124](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/124))
* All silos:
  * Switch users' primary URLs from web site to silo profile ([#158](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/158)).
* GitHub:
  * Don't enclose bare URLs in `<`/`>` ([snarfed/bridgy#850](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/850)).
* Atom:
  * Bug fix for actors and attachments with multiple image URLs.
  * Bug fix for attachment author objects with no properties.
* Google+:
  * Drop from web UI and REST API since [consumer Google+ is shutting down entirely](https://blog.google/technology/safety-security/expediting-changes-google-plus/) ([more](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/846)).
  * Switch from deprecated global API endpoint to G+ endpoint. Background in [snarfed/bridgy#846](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/846), [Google blog post](https://developers.googleblog.com/2018/03/discontinuing-support-for-json-rpc-and.html) [and docs](https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/batch).
* Instagram:
  * Fix individual photo/video link urls for multi-photo/video posts.
  * Handle [user-provided alt text](https://instagram-press.com/blog/2018/11/28/creating-a-more-accessible-instagram/) ([#159](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/159)).
* Twitter:
  * Update max video upload size from 5MB to 512MB ([#162](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/162)).
* `/url`: Return HTTP 400 when fetching the user's URL results in an infinite redirect.

### 1.14 - 2018-11-12
Add `delete()`. Currently includes Twitter and Flickr support.
* Instagram:
  * Make extra HTTP fetch (with cookie) to get individual likes ([snarfed/bridgy#840](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/840)).
  * Update scraping logic to handle feed HTML changes.
  * Link @-mentions in comments as well as photo/video captions.
* GitHub:
  * `create`/`preview_create` bug fixes for issues and comments on private repos.
  * Handle HTTP 410 Gone responses from REST API, eg when a repo has been deleted or issues for the repo disabled.
* Twitter:
  * Add `delete()` and `preview_delete()` for deleting tweets.
* Flickr:
  * Add `delete()` and `preview_delete()` for deleting photos.
* microformats2:
  * Add [follow-of](https://indieweb.org/follow) support.
  * Only use quotation-of property for quote tweets, not URLs. ([#155](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/155))
  * If a tag has startIndex/length, it gets linkified in the content, so don't also emit an mf2 child or HTML h-cite for it. ([#155](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/155)
* Atom:
  * Encode `&`s in author URL and email address too. (Thanks [sebsued](https://twitter.com/sebsued)!)
* AS2:
  * Add `Follow` support.

### 1.13 - 2018-08-08
* Twitter:
  * Support ISO 8601 formatted created_at timestamps, which the [archive download uses](https://help.twitter.com/en/managing-your-account/how-to-download-your-twitter-archive), as well as RFC 2822 from the API.
  * `create()` and `preview_create()`: support RSVPs. Tweet them as normal tweets with the RSVP content. ([snarfed/bridgy#818](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/818))
  * `create()` and `preview_create()`: support alt text for images, via AS1 `displayName`. ([snarfed/bridgy#756](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/756)).
* Instagram:
  * Add global rate limiting lock for scraping. If a scraping HTTP request gets a 429 or 503 response, we refuse to make more requests for 5m, and instead short circuit and return the same error. This can be overridden with a new `ignore_rate_limit` kwarg to `get_activities()`.
* GitHub:
  * Add `tag` support to `create`/`preview_create` to add label(s) to existing issues ([snarfed/bridgy#811](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/811)).
  * Escape HTML characters (`<`, `>`, and `&`) in content in `create()` and `preview_create()` ([snarfed/bridgy#810](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/810)).
  * `get_activities()` and `get_comment()` now return `ValueError` instead of `AssertionError` on malformed `activity_id` and `comment_id` args, respectively.
  * `get_activities()` bug fix for issues/PRs with no body text.
  * Switch from GraphQL to REST API for creating comments and reactions, since GraphQL hits authorization errors on many org repos. ([snarfed/bridgy#824](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/824))
  * Improve GraphQL support for comments and users.
* Atom:
  * Shorten and ellipsize feed title when necessary ([#144](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/144)).
* microformats2:
  * Upgrade mf2py to improve a few things like [implied p-name detection](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2-implied-properties) and whitespace handling ([#142](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/142), fixes [#145](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/145), [snarfed/bridgy#756](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/756), [snarfed/bridgy#828](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/828)).
  * Support `alt` attribute in `<img>` tags ([snarfed/bridgy#756](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/756)).

### 1.12 - 2018-03-24
* Add Python 3 support! Granary now requires either Python 2.7+ or Python 3.3+.
* Instagram:
  * Fix scraping profile pages.
* Twitter:
  * Update character counting to handle Twitter change that now auto-links *all* ccTLDs. [Background.](https://github.com/kylewm/brevity/issues/8)
* GitHub:
  * Bug fix for `get_activities()` with deleted issues and repos.
* microformats2:
  * `object_to_json()`: convert tags to simple strings in the `category` property, not full nested objects like `h-card`s ([#141](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/141)).
  * Special case GitHub issues that are in-reply-to a repo or its `/issues` URL to be objectType `issue`.
  * Render simple string categories in HTML output.

This release is intentionally small and limited in scope to contain any impact of the Python 3 migration. It *should* be a noop for existing Python 2 users, and we've tested thoroughly, but I'm sure there are still bugs. Please file issues if you notice anything broken!

### 1.11 - 2018-03-09
* Add GitHub!
  * `get_activities()` supports issues and pull requests, including comments and reactions. It's currently based on notifications, so it's best effort, not comprehensive, and only includes recently active issues/PRs.
  * `create()` and `preview_create()` support issues, comments, [stars](https://help.github.com/articles/about-stars), and [reactions](https://help.github.com/articles/about-conversations-on-github/#reacting-to-ideas-in-comments).
* Twitter:
  * Prefer MP4 and other video/... content types to HLS (.m3u8) etc. [Background.](https://twittercommunity.com/t/retiring-mp4-video-output/66093)
  * Prefer HTTPS URLs for media images.
  * `get_activities()`: Support @-prefixed usernames in `user_id`.
* Facebook:
  * Support new [recurring aka multi-instance events](https://stackoverflow.com/questions/45131646/decoding-recurring-events-from-facebook-open-graph-api). `create()` and `preview_create()` now only support RSVPs to individual instances of multi-instance events, to match the Facebook API itself.
  * Try harder to find original (full) sized photo URLs, specifically `_o.jpg` files instead of `_s.jpg`.
  * `create()` bug fix for photo and image URLs with unicode characters.
  * Fixed bug where `get_activities(user_id=...)` included the authenticated user's own recent photos, albums, and news publishes.
* Instagram:
  * Extract more user (`author`) data from scraped profile pages.
  * Fix home page feed scraping.
* microformats2, Atom:
  * Add enclosures for image attachments.
  * Bug fixes for rendering image, video, and audio attachments inside shares and attachments. De-dupe images.
* microformats2:
  * Handle simple string-only author properties.
  * Add `fetch_mf2` kwarg to `json_to_object()` for fetching additional pages over HTTP to determine authorship.
  * Generate explicit blank `p-name` in HTML to prevent old flawed [implied p-name handling](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2-implied-properties) ([#131](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/131)).
  * Fix `share` verb handling in `activity_to_json()` and `activities_to_html()` ([#134](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/134)).
  * Remember which content contains HTML, preserve newlines in it, and don't translate those newlines to `<br>`s ([#130](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/130)).
* Atom:
  * Fix timezone bugs in `updated` and `published`.
* JSON Feed:
  * Omit title from items if it's the same as the content. (Often caused by microformats2's implied `p-name` logic.)

### 1.10 - 2017-12-10
* Moved web site and REST API to [granary.io](https://granary.io/)! [granary-demo.appspot.com](https://granary-demo.appspot.com/) now 301 redirects.
* Twitter:
  * Update the publish character limit to 280. [Background.](https://twittercommunity.com/t/updating-the-character-limit-and-the-twitter-text-library/96425)
  * Fix a [bug in preview_create that auto-linked @-mentions inside URLs](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/527#issuecomment-346302800), e.g. Medium posts.
  * Support videos and animated GIFs in `get_activities()` etc.
* Instagram:
  * Add cookie query param to REST API to allow scraping that logged in user's feed.
* HTML (including Atom content):
  * Render image, video, and audio attachments more often and consistently.
  * Include microformats2 `u-photo`, `u-video`, and `u-audio` classes more often and consistently.
* Atom:
  * Add `atom_to_activities()` for converting full feed documents.
  * Add to REST API and web UI.
  * Include source URL in `rel=alternate` link as well as actor/author URL ([#151](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/151)).
* JSON Feed:
  * Fix bug that omitted title in some cases ([#122](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/122)).

### 1.9 - 2017-10-24

* Add [ActivityStreams 2.0](http://www.w3.org/TR/activitystreams-core/)! New `as2` module includes `to_as1()` and `from_as1()` functions. Currently supported: articles, notes, replies, likes, reposts, events, RSVPs, tags, attachments.
* Atom:
  * Add new `atom_to_activity()` function for converting Atom to AS1.
  * Add email field to author, if provided.
* JSON Feed:
  * Raise ValueError on bad (non-dict) input.
* REST API:
  * Add `as2` value for `format` and `input`. Revise existing ActivityStreams and microformats2 value names to `as1`, `as1-xml`, and `mf2-json`. Old values `activitystreams`, `json`, `json-mf2`, and `xml` are still accepted, but deprecated.

### 1.8 - 2017-08-29

* Add [JSON Feed](https://jsonfeed.org/) support to both library and REST API.
* Twitter:
    * Add `get_blocklist()`.
    * Bug fix for creating replies, favorites, or retweets of video URLs, e.g. https://twitter.com/name/status/123/video/1 .
    * Bug fix for parsing favorites HTML to handle a small change on Twitter's side.
    * `post_id()` now validates ids more strictly before returning them.
* Facebook:
    * Improve heuristic for determining privacy of wall posts from other users.
    * Support GIFs in comments (attachment types `animated_image_autoplay` and `animated_image_share`).
    * Upgrade Graph API from [v2.6](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/apps/changelog#v2_6) to [v2.10](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/apps/changelog#v2_10).
* Instagram:
    * Update scraping to handle new home page (ie news feed) JSON schema, which changed sometime around 2017-02-27. (Profile pages and individual photo/video permalinks still haven't changed yet.)
* microformats2:
    * Add [`u-featured`](https://indieweb.org/featured) to ActivityStreams `image`.
    * Improve `h-event` support.
    * Minor whitespace change (added <p>) when rendering locations as HTML.
    * `post_id()` now validates ids more strictly before returning them.
    * Fix bugs in converting latitude and longitude between ActivityStreams and mf2.
* Google+:
    * Update HTML scraping to handle changed serialized JSON data format.
* Atom:
    * Add new `activity_to_atom()` function that renders a single top-level `<entry>` instead of `<feed>`.
    * Add new `reader` query param for toggling rendering decisions that are specific to feed readers. Right now, just affects location: it's rendered in the content when `reader=true` (the default), omitted when `reader=false`.
    * Include author name when rendering attached articles and notes (e.g. quote tweets).
    * Only include AS `activity:object-type` and `activity:verb` elements when they have values.
    * Render AS image and mf2 u-photo if they're not already in content.
    * Render `thr:in-reply-to` from `object.inReplyTo` as well as `activity.context.inReplyTo`.
* REST API:
    * Fix bugs in html => json-mf2 and html => html conversions.
* Upgrade brevity to 0.2.14 for a couple [bug](https://github.com/kylewm/brevity/issues/5) [fixes](https://github.com/kylewm/brevity/issues/6).

### 1.7 - 2017-02-27
* microformats2:
    * Interpret h-cite and [u-quotation-of](https://indieweb.org/quotation#How_to_markup) (experimental) as attachments, e.g. for quote tweets.
    * Convert [audio](http://indieweb.org/audio) and [video](http://indieweb.org/video) properties to AS attachments.
* Twitter:
    * Linkify @-mentions and hashtags in `preview_create()`.
    * Support creating quote tweets from attachments with Twitter URLs.
    * When converting quote tweets to AS, strip quoted tweet URL from end of text.
    * Raise ValueError when `get_activities()` is passed `group_id='@search'` but not `search_query`.
* Instagram:
    * Improve HTML scraping error handling.
    * Support [multi-photo/video posts](https://www.instagram.com/p/BQ0mDB2gV_O/).
* Facebook:
    * Disable creating "interested" RSVPs, since Facebook's API doesn't allow it.
* Atom:
    * Support [media enclosures](http://atomenabled.org/developers/syndication/#link) for audio and video attachments.
* Source.get_activities(): start raising ValueError on bad argument values, notably invalid Facebook and Twitter ids and Instagram search queries.
* Fix rendering and linkifying content with Unicode high code points (ie above the 16-bit Basic Multilingual Plane), including some emoji, on "narrow" builds of Python 2 with `--enable-unicode=ucs2`, which is the default on Mac OS X, Windows, and older *nix.

### 1.6 - 2016-11-26
* Twitter:
    * Handle new "extended" tweets with hidden reply-to @-mentions and trailing
    URLs for media, quote tweets, etc. Background:
    https://dev.twitter.com/overview/api/upcoming-changes-to-tweets
    * Bug fix: ensure like.author.displayName is a plain unicode string so that it
    can be pickled normally, e.g. by App Engine's memcache.
    * Bug fix: handle names with emoji correctly in favorites_html_to_likes().
    * Bug fix: handle search queries with unicode characters.
* Atom:
    * Render full original quoted tweet in retweets of quote tweets.
* microformats2 HTML:
    * Optionally follow and fetch rel="author" links.
    * Improve mapping between microformats2 and ActivityStreams 'photo' types. (mf2 'photo' type is a note or article *with* a photo, but AS 'photo' type *is* a photo. So, map mf2 photos to underlying type without photo.)
    * Support location properties beyond h-card, e.g. h-adr, h-geo, u-geo, and even
    when properties like latitude and longitude appear at the top level.
* Error handling: return HTTP 502 for non-JSON API responses, 504 for connection failures.

### 1.5 - 2016-08-25
* REST API:
    * Support tag URI for user id, app id, and activity id.
* Twitter:
    * Better error message when uploading a photo with an unsupported type.
    * Only include original quote tweets, not retweets of them.
    * Skip fetching retweets for protected accounts since the API call always 403s.
* Flickr:
    * Better username detection. Flickr's API is very inconsistent about username
    vs real name vs path alias. This specifically detects when a user name is
    probably actually a real name because it has a space.
    * Uploading: detect and handle App Engine's 10MB HTTP request limit.
    * Bug fix in create: handle unicode characters in photo/video description,
    hashtags, and comment text.
* Atom:
    * Bug fix: escape &s in attachments' text (e.g. quote tweets).
    * Bug fix: handle multiply valued 'object' fields in ActivityStreams 1 activities.
* GitHub:
    * Switch creating comments and reactions from GraphQL to REST API ([bridgy#824](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/824).

### 1.4.1 - 2016-06-27
* Bump oauth-dropins requirement to 1.4.

### 1.4.0 - 2016-06-27
* REST API:
    * Cache silo requests for 5m by default, 60m for Instagram because they aggressively blocking scraping. You can skip the cache with the new cache=false query param.
* Facebook:
    * Upgrade from API v2.2 to v2.6. https://developers.facebook.com/docs/apps/changelog
    * Add reaction support.
    * De-dupe event RSVPs by user.
* Twitter:
    * Switch create() to use brevity for counting characters. https://github.com/kylewm/brevity
    * Fix bug in create() that occasionally incorrectly escaped ., +, and - characters.
    * Fix text rendering bug when there are multipl photos/videos.
    * When replying to yourself, don't add a self @-mention.
* Instagram:
    * Fix bugs in scraping.
* Upgrade to requests 2.10.0 and requests-toolbelt 0.60, which support App Engine.

### 1.3.1 - 2016-04-07
* Update [oauth-dropins](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins) dependency to >=1.3.

### 1.3.0 - 2016-04-06
* Support posting videos! Currently in Facebook, Flickr, and Twitter.
* Instagram:
    * Add support for scraping, since they're [locking down their API and requiring manual approval](http://developers.instagram.com/post/133424514006/instagram-platform-update).
    * Linkify @-mentions in photo captions.
* Facebook:
    * Fetch [Open Graph stories](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/reference/opengraph/action-type/news.publishes/) aka `news.publish` actions.
    * Many bug fixes for photo posts: better privacy detection, fix bug that attached comments to wrong posts.
* Twitter:
    * Handle all photos/videos attached to a tweet, not just the first.
    * Stop fetching replies to @-mentions.
* Atom:
    * Render attachments.
    * Add `xml:base`.
* microformats2:
    * Load and convert h-card.
    * Implement full post type discovery algorithm, using mf2util. https://indiewebcamp.com/post-type-discovery
    * Drop support for h-as-* classes, both incoming and outgoing. They're deprecated in favor of post type discovery.
    * Drop old deprecated `u-like` and `u-repost` properties.
* Misc bug fixes.
* Set up Coveralls.

### 1.2.0 - 2016-01-11
* Improve original post discovery algorithm. ([bridgy #51](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/51))
* Flickr tweaks. ([bridgy #466](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/466))
* Add mf2, activitystreams, atom, and search to interactive UI. ([#31](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/31), [#29](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/29))
* Improved post type discovery (using mf2util).
* Extract user web site links from all fields in profile (e.g. description/bio).
* Add fabricated fragments to comment/like permalinks (e.g. #liked-by-user123) so that object urls are always unique (multiple silos).
* Improve formatting/whitespace support in create/preview (multiple silos).
* Google+:
    * Add search.
* Facebook:
    * Fetch more things in get_activities: photos, events, RSVPs.
    * Support person tags in create/preview.
    * Prevent facebook from automatically consolidating photo posts by uploading photos to "Timeline Photos" album.
    * Include title in create/preview.
    * Improve object id parsing/resolving.
    * Improve tag handling.
    * Bug fix for fetching nested comments.
    * Misc improvements, API error/flakiness handling.
* Flickr:
    * Create/preview support for photos, comments, favorites, tags, person tags, location.
* Twitter:
    * Create/preview support for location, multiple photos.
    * Fetch quote tweets.
    * Fetching user mentions improvements, bug fixes.
    * Fix embeds.
    * Misc AS conversion improvements.
* microformats2:
    * Improve like and repost rendering.
* Misc bug fixes.
* Set up CircleCI.

### 1.1.0 - 2015-09-06
* Add Flickr.
* Facebook:
    * Fetch multiple id formats, e.g. with and without USERID_ prefix.
    * Support threaded comments.
    * Switch from /posts API endpoint to /feed.
* Google+:
    * Support converting plus.google.com HTML to ActivityStreams.
* Instagram:
    * Support location.
* Improve original post discovery algorithm.
* New logo.

### 1.0.1 - 2015-07-11
* Bug fix for atom template rendering.
* Facebook, Instagram: support access_token parameter.

### 1.0 - 2015-07-10
* Initial PyPi release.



            

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    "requires_python": ">=3.6",
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    "keywords": "social facebook flickr github instagram twitter activitystreams html microformats2 meetup mf2 atom rss jsonfeed",
    "author": "Ryan Barrett",
    "author_email": "granary@ryanb.org",
    "download_url": "https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/4f/1e/bdc15ee922487381f8a85ac53867ec4bd97b58033fe306731365f1c5c5b0/granary-4.0.tar.gz",
    "platform": null,
    "description": "<img src=\"https://raw.github.com/snarfed/granary/master/static/granary_logo_512.png\" alt=\"Granary\" width=\"128\" /> granary [![Circle CI](https://circleci.com/gh/snarfed/granary.svg?style=svg)](https://circleci.com/gh/snarfed/granary) [![Coverage Status](https://coveralls.io/repos/github/snarfed/granary/badge.svg?branch=master)](https://coveralls.io/github/snarfed/granary?branch=master)\n===\n\nThe social web translator. Fetches and converts data between social networks, HTML and JSON with [microformats2](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2), [ActivityStreams](http://activitystrea.ms/), [Atom](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4287), [JSON Feed](https://jsonfeed.org/), and more.\n\n* [About](#about)\n* [Using](#using)\n  * [Using the REST API](#using-the-rest-api)\n  * [Using the library](#using-the-library)\n* [Troubleshooting/FAQ](#troubleshootingfaq)\n* [Future work](#future-work)\n* [Development](#development)\n* [Release instructions](#release-instructions)\n* [Related work](#related-work)\n* [Changelog](#changelog)\n\n\nAbout\n---\n\nGranary is a library and REST API that fetches and converts between a wide variety of data sources and formats:\n\n* Facebook, Flickr, GitHub, Instagram, Mastodon, and Twitter native APIs\n* Instagram and Facebook scraped HTML\n* [ActivityStreams](http://activitystrea.ms/) 1.0 and 2.0 (JSON)\n* HTML and JSON with [microformats2](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2)\n* [Atom](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4287), [RSS 2.0](http://www.rssboard.org/rss-specification), [JSON Feed](https://jsonfeed.org/)\n* Plain XML\n\n[Free](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Threshing) yourself from silo API [chaff](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaff) and expose the sweet social data foodstuff inside in standard formats and protocols!\n\nHere's how to get started:\n\n* Granary is [available on PyPi.](https://pypi.python.org/pypi/granary/) Install with `pip install granary`.\n* [Getting started docs.](#using)\n* [Reference docs.](https://granary.readthedocs.io/en/latest/source/granary.html)\n* REST API and demo app at [granary.io](https://granary.io/).\n* [Source code on GitHub.](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/)\n\nLicense: This project is placed in the public domain.\n\n\nUsing\n---\n\nThe library and REST API are both based on the [OpenSocial Activity Streams service](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service). Let's start with an example. This code using the library:\n\n```python\nfrom granary import twitter\n...\ntw = twitter.Twitter(ACCESS_TOKEN_KEY, ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET)\ntw.get_activities(group_id='@friends')\n```\n\nis equivalent to this `HTTP GET` request:\n\n```\nhttps://granary.io/twitter/@me/@friends/@app/\n  ?access_token_key=ACCESS_TOKEN_KEY&access_token_secret=ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET\n```\n\nThey return the authenticated user's Twitter stream, ie tweets from the people they follow. Here's the JSON output:\n\n```json\n{\n  \"itemsPerPage\": 10,\n  \"startIndex\": 0,\n  \"totalResults\": 12,\n  \"items\": [{\n      \"verb\": \"post\",\n      \"id\": \"tag:twitter.com,2013:374272979578150912\",\n      \"url\": \"http://twitter.com/evanpro/status/374272979578150912\",\n      \"content\": \"Getting stuff for barbecue tomorrow. No ribs left! Got some nice tenderloin though. (@ Metro Plus Famille Lemay) http://t.co/b2PLgiLJwP\",\n      \"actor\": {\n      \"username\": \"evanpro\",\n        \"displayName\": \"Evan Prodromou\",\n        \"description\": \"Prospector.\",\n        \"url\": \"http://twitter.com/evanpro\",\n      },\n      \"object\": {\n        \"tags\": [{\n            \"url\": \"http://4sq.com/1cw5vf6\",\n            \"startIndex\": 113,\n            \"length\": 22,\n            \"objectType\": \"article\"\n          }, \"...\"],\n      },\n    }, \"...\"]\n  \"...\"\n}\n```\n\nThe request parameters are the same for both, all optional: `USER_ID` is a source-specific id or `@me` for the authenticated user. `GROUP_ID` may be `@all`, `@friends` (currently identical to `@all`), `@self`, `@search`, or `@blocks`; `APP_ID` is currently ignored; best practice is to use `@app` as a placeholder.\n\nPaging is supported via the `startIndex` and `count` parameters. They're self explanatory, and described in detail in the [OpenSearch spec](http://www.opensearch.org/Specifications/OpenSearch/1.1#The_.22count.22_parameter) and [OpenSocial spec](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service).\n\nWhen using the `GROUP_ID` `@search` (for platforms that support it \u2014 currently Twitter and Instagram), provide a search string via the `q` parameter. The API is loosely based on the [OpenSearch spec](http://www.opensearch.org/Specifications/OpenSearch/1.1#OpenSearch_URL_template_syntax), the [OpenSocial Core Container spec](http://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.5.1/Core-Container.xml#rfc.section.11.2), and the [OpenSocial Core Gadget spec](http://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.5.1/Core-Gadget.xml#OpenSearch).\n\nOutput data is [JSON Activity Streams 1.0](http://activitystrea.ms/specs/json/1.0/) objects wrapped in the [OpenSocial envelope](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service), which puts the activities in the top-level `items` field as a list and adds the `itemsPerPage`, `totalCount`, etc. fields.\n\nMost Facebook requests and all Twitter, Instagram, and Flickr requests will need OAuth access tokens. If you're using Python on Google App Engine, [oauth-dropins](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins) is an easy way to add OAuth client flows for these sites. Otherwise, here are the sites' authentication docs: [Facebook](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/facebook-login/access-tokens/), [Flickr](https://www.flickr.com/services/api/auth.oauth.html), [Instagram](http://instagram.com/developer/authentication/), [Twitter](https://dev.twitter.com/docs/auth/3-legged-authorization).\n\nIf you get an access token and pass it along, it will be used to sign and authorize the underlying requests to the sources providers. See the demos on the REST API [endpoints above](#about) for examples.\n\n\nUsing the REST API\n---\n\nThe [endpoints above](#about) all serve the [OpenSocial Activity Streams REST API](https://opensocial.github.io/spec/2.0.1/Social-API-Server.xml#ActivityStreams-Service). Request paths are of the form:\n\n```\n/USER_ID/GROUP_ID/APP_ID/ACTIVITY_ID?startIndex=...&count=...&format=FORMAT&access_token=...\n```\n\nAll query parameters are optional. `FORMAT` may be `as1` (the default), `as2`, `atom`, `html`, `jsonfeed`, `mf2-json`, `rss`, or `xml` (the default). `atom` supports a boolean `reader` query parameter for toggling rendering appropriate to feed readers, e.g. location is rendered in content when `reader=true` (the default). The rest of the path elements and query params are [described above](#using).\n\nErrors are returned with the appropriate HTTP response code, e.g. 403 for Unauthorized, with details in the response body.\n\nBy default, responses are cached and reused for 10m without re-fetching the source data. (Instagram responses are cached for 60m.) You can prevent this by adding the `cache=false` query parameter to your request.\n\nInclude the `shares=false` query parameter to omit shares, eg Twitter retweets, from the results.\n\nTo use the REST API in an existing ActivityStreams client, you'll need to hard-code exceptions for the domains you want to use e.g. `facebook.com`, and redirect HTTP requests to the corresponding [endpoint above](#about).\n\nFacebook and Instagram are disabled in the REST API entirely, sadly.\n\n\nUsing the library\n---\n\nSee the [example above](#using) for a quick start guide.\n\nClone or download this repo into a directory named `granary` (note the underscore instead of dash). Each source works the same way. Import the module for the source you want to use, then instantiate its class by passing the HTTP handler object. The handler should have a `request` attribute for the current HTTP request.\n\nThe useful methods are `get_activities()` and `get_actor()`, which returns the current authenticated user (if any). See the [individual method docstrings](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/blob/master/source.py) for details. All return values are Python dicts of decoded ActivityStreams 1 JSON.\n\nThe `microformats2.*_to_html()` functions are also useful for rendering ActivityStreams 1 objects as nicely formatted HTML.\n\n\nTroubleshooting/FAQ\n---\nCheck out the [oauth-dropins Troubleshooting/FAQ section](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins#troubleshootingfaq). It's pretty comprehensive and applies to this project too. For searchability, here are a handful of error messages that [have solutions there](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins#troubleshootingfaq):\n\n```\nbash: ./bin/easy_install: ...bad interpreter: No such file or directory\n\nImportError: cannot import name certs\n\nImportError: cannot import name tweepy\n\nFile \".../site-packages/tweepy/auth.py\", line 68, in _get_request_token\n  raise TweepError(e)\nTweepError: must be _socket.socket, not socket\n```\n\n\nFuture work\n---\n\nWe'd love to add more sites! Off the top of my head, [YouTube](http://youtu.be/), [Tumblr](http://tumblr.com/), [WordPress.com](http://wordpress.com/), [Sina Weibo](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sina_Weibo), [Qzone](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qzone), and [RenRen](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renren) would be good candidates. If you're looking to get started, implementing a new site is a good place to start. It's pretty self contained and the existing sites are good examples to follow, but it's a decent amount of work, so you'll be familiar with the whole project by the end.\n\n\nDevelopment\n---\nPull requests are welcome! Feel free to [ping me](http://snarfed.org/about) with any questions.\n\nFirst, fork and clone this repo. Then, you'll need the [Google Cloud SDK](https://cloud.google.com/sdk/) with the `gcloud-appengine-python` and `gcloud-appengine-python-extras` [components](https://cloud.google.com/sdk/docs/components#additional_components). Once you have them, set up your environment by running these commands in the repo root directory:\n\n```shell\ngcloud config set project granary-demo\npython3 -m venv local\nsource local/bin/activate\npip install -r requirements.txt\nln -s local/lib/python3*/site-packages/oauth_dropins/static oauth_dropins_static\n```\n\nNow, run the tests to check that everything is set up ok:\n\n```shell\ngcloud beta emulators datastore start --no-store-on-disk --consistency=1.0 --host-port=localhost:8089 < /dev/null >& /dev/null &\npython3 -m unittest discover\n```\n\nFinally, run the web app locally with [`flask run`](https://flask.palletsprojects.com/en/2.0.x/cli/#run-the-development-server):\n\n```shell\nGAE_ENV=localdev FLASK_ENV=development flask run -p 8080\n```\n\nOpen [localhost:8080](http://localhost:8080/) and you should see the granary home page!\n\nIf you want to work on [oauth-dropins](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins) at the same time, install it in editable mode with `pip install -e <path to oauth-dropins repo>`. You'll also need to update the `oauth_dropins_static` symlink, which is needed for serving static file handlers locally: `ln -sf <path-to-oauth-dropins-repo>/oauth_dropins/static oauth_dropins_static`.\n\nTo deploy to production:\n\n```shell\ngcloud -q beta app deploy --no-cache granary-demo *.yaml\n```\n\nThe docs are built with [Sphinx](http://sphinx-doc.org/), including [apidoc](http://www.sphinx-doc.org/en/stable/man/sphinx-apidoc.html), [autodoc](http://www.sphinx-doc.org/en/stable/ext/autodoc.html), and [napoleon](http://www.sphinx-doc.org/en/stable/ext/napoleon.html). Configuration is in [`docs/conf.py`](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/blob/master/docs/conf.py) To build them, first install Sphinx with `pip install sphinx`. (You may want to do this outside your virtualenv; if so, you'll need to reconfigure it to see system packages with `virtualenv --system-site-packages local`.) Then, run [`docs/build.sh`](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/blob/master/docs/build.sh).\n\n[This ActivityStreams validator](http://activitystreamstester.appspot.com/) is useful for manual testing.\n\n\nRelease instructions\n---\nHere's how to package, test, and ship a new release. (Note that this is [largely duplicated in the oauth-dropins readme too](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins#release-instructions).)\n\n1. Run the unit tests.\n   ```sh\n   source local/bin/activate.csh\n   CLOUDSDK_CORE_PROJECT=granary-demo gcloud beta emulators datastore start --no-store-on-disk --consistency=1.0 --host-port=localhost:8089 < /dev/null >& /dev/null &\n   sleep 5\n   python3 -m unittest discover\n   kill %1\n   deactivate\n   ```\n1. Bump the version number in `setup.py` and `docs/conf.py`. `git grep` the old version number to make sure it only appears in the changelog. Change the current changelog entry in `README.md` for this new version from _unreleased_ to the current date.\n1. Bump the `oauth-dropins` version specifier in `setup.py` to the most recent version.\n1. Build the docs. If you added any new modules, add them to the appropriate file(s) in `docs/source/`. Then run `./docs/build.sh`. Check that the generated HTML looks fine by opening `docs/_build/html/index.html` and looking around.\n1. `git commit -am 'release vX.Y'`\n1. Upload to [test.pypi.org](https://test.pypi.org/) for testing.\n   ```sh\n   python3 setup.py clean build sdist\n   setenv ver X.Y\n   source local/bin/activate.csh\n   twine upload -r pypitest dist/granary-$ver.tar.gz\n   ```\n1. Install from test.pypi.org.\n   ```sh\n   python3 -m venv local\n   source local/bin/activate.csh\n   pip3 uninstall granary # make sure we force Pip to use the uploaded version\n   pip3 install --upgrade pip\n   pip3 install mf2py==1.1.2\n   pip3 install -i https://test.pypi.org/simple --extra-index-url https://pypi.org/simple granary==$ver\n   deactivate\n   ```\n1. Smoke test that the code trivially loads and runs.\n   ```sh\n   source local/bin/activate.csh\n   python3\n   # run test code below\n   deactivate\n   ```\n   Test code to paste into the interpreter:\n   ```py\n   import json\n   from granary import github\n   github.__file__  # check that it's in the virtualenv\n\n   g = github.GitHub('XXX')  # insert a GitHub personal OAuth access token\n   a = g.get_activities()\n   print(json.dumps(a, indent=2))\n\n   from granary import atom\n   print(atom.activities_to_atom(a, {}))\n   ```\n1. Tag the release in git. In the tag message editor, delete the generated comments at bottom, leave the first line blank (to omit the release \"title\" in github), put `### Notable changes` on the second line, then copy and paste this version's changelog contents below it.\n   ```sh\n   git tag -a v$ver --cleanup=verbatim\n   git push && git push --tags\n   ```\n1. [Click here to draft a new release on GitHub.](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/releases/new) Enter `vX.Y` in the _Tag version_ box. Leave _Release title_ empty. Copy `### Notable changes` and the changelog contents into the description text box.\n1. Upload to [pypi.org](https://pypi.org/)!\n   ```sh\n   twine upload dist/granary-$ver.tar.gz\n   ```\n1. [Build the docs on Read the Docs](https://readthedocs.org/projects/granary/builds/): first choose _latest_ in the drop-down, then click _Build Version_.\n1. On the [Versions page](https://readthedocs.org/projects/oauth-dropins/versions/), check that the new version is active, If it's not, activate it in the _Activate a Version_ section.\n\n\nRelated work\n--\n\n[Apache Streams](http://streams.incubator.apache.org/) is a similar project that translates between storage systems and database as well as social schemas. It's a Java library, and its design is heavily structured. [Here's the list of formats it supports.](http://streams.incubator.apache.org/site/0.3-incubating-SNAPSHOT/streams-project/streams-contrib/index.html) It's mainly used by [People Pattern](http://www.peoplepattern.com/).\n\n[Gnip](http://gnip.com/) similarly [converts social network data to ActivityStreams](http://support.gnip.com/documentation/activity_streams_intro.html) and supports [many more source networks](http://gnip.com/sources/). Unfortunately, it's commercial, there's no free trial or self-serve signup, and [plans start at $500](http://gnip.com/products/pricing/).\n\n[DataSift](http://datasift.com/) looks like broadly the same thing, except they offer [self-serve, pay as you go billing](http://dev.datasift.com/docs/billing), and they use [their own proprietary output format](http://dev.datasift.com/docs/getting-started/data) instead of ActivityStreams. They're also aimed more at data mining as opposed to individual user access.\n\n[Cliqset's FeedProxy](http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/cliqset_activity_streams_api.php) used to do this kind of format translation, but unfortunately it and Cliqset died.\n\nFacebook [used to](https://developers.facebook.com/blog/post/225/) [officially](https://developers.facebook.com/blog/post/2009/08/05/streamlining-the-open-stream-apis/) [support](https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/activity-streams/-b0LmeUExXY) ActivityStreams, but that's also dead.\n\nThere are a number of products that download your social network data, normalize it, and let you query and visualize it. [SocialSafe](http://socialsafe.net/) is one, although the SSL certificate is currently out of date. [ThinkUp](http://web.archive.org/web/20161108212106/http://www.thinkup.com/) was an open source product, but shuttered on 18 July 2016. There's also the lifelogging/lifestream aggregator vein of projects that pull data from multiple source sites. [Storytlr](https://github.com/storytlr/storytlr) is a good example. It doesn't include Facebook, or Instagram, but does include a number of smaller source sites. There are lots of others, e.g. the [Lifestream WordPress plugin](http://www.enthropia.com/labs/wp-lifestream/). Unfortunately, these are generally aimed at end users, not developers, and don't usually expose libraries or REST APIs.\n\nOn the open source side, there are many related projects. [php-mf2-shim](https://github.com/indieweb/php-mf2-shim) adds [microformats2](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2) to Facebook and Twitter's raw HTML. [sockethub](https://github.com/sockethub/sockethub) is a similar \"polyglot\" approach, but more focused on writing than reading.\n\n\nChangelog\n---\n### 4.0 - 2022-03-23\n\n_Breaking changes:_\n\n* Drop Python 3.5 support. Python 3.6 is now the minimum required version.\n\n_Non-breaking changes:_\n\n* RSS:\n  * Add support for RSS input via new `rss.to_activities` function.\n* Add new `include_shares` kwarg to `get_activities`, implemented for Twitter and Mastodon. Defaults to `True`. If `False`, shares (retweets in Twitter, boosts in Mastodon) will be discarded and not returned. Also add a corresponding `shares` query param to the REST API.\n* Instagram (scraping):\n  * Handle media items with no `user` object, add new fetch for comments.\n  * Add `Instagram.merge_scraped_comments()`.\n* ActivityStreams 2:\n  * Handle error when `type` isn't a string.\n* Reddit:\n  * Implement `get_activities()` to fetch posts by the current user or a user specified with `user_id`.\n* Facebook scraping:\n  * Skip \"Suggested for you\" posts.\n  * Add `log_html` kwarg to `get_activities`; defaults to False.\n  * Miscellaneous bug fixes.\n* JSONFeed:\n  * Handle malformed `items.author` element.\n\n### 3.2 - 2021-09-15\n* `Source.original_post_discovery`: add new `include_reserved_hosts` kwarg, defaults to `True`.\n* Instagram:\n  * Update scraping to handle new `feed_v2` JSON format.\n* Facebook:\n  * Scraping: handle pictures, videos, link attachments, and text links in timeline/news feed posts.\n* Mastodon:\n  * Bug fix for `get_activities()` with `fetch_mentions=True`: handle notifications with `status: null`. Maybe happens when a status is deleted?\n  * `create`/`preview_create`: support bookmarks. (Nothing special happens with them; their `content` is posted as a normal toot.)\n* microformats2:\n  * Stop rendering `image.displayName` as visible text in HTML, since it's already in the `<img>`'s `alt` attribute.\n  * Add [`bookmark-of`](https://indieweb.org/bookmark#How_to_markup) support.\n  * Add `prefix_image_urls()` function.\n  * Handle null `content` in AS1/2 objects.\n  * `json_to_object` bug fix for composite `bookmark-of` properties.\n* Twitter:\n  * `create`/`preview`: [support large videos](https://twittercommunity.com/t/large-file-can-not-be-finalized-synchronously/82929/3) via async upload. We now pass `media_category=tweet_video` to the chunked upload `INIT` stage, and then make blocking `STATUS` calls until the video is finished processing. ([bridgy#1043](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1043))\n  * `create`/`preview`: allow bookmarks. ([bridgy#1045](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1045))\n  * `create`/`preview`: allow non-Twitter replies, ie activities that include `inReplyTo` URLs even if none of them point to a tweet. ([bridgy#1063](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1063))\n  * `get_activities`: support list ids as well as slugs.\n  * Bug fixes for removing t.co links to quoted tweets.\n  * Bug fix for multiple instances of the same link in tweet text.\n  * `get_activities()`: raise `ValueError` on invalid `user_id`.\n* REST API: ported web framework from webapp2 to Flask. No user-visible behavior change expected.\n\n### 3.1 - 2021-04-03\n\n* Add Python 3.8 support, drop 3.3 and 3.4. Python 3.5 is now the minimum required version.\n* Add [Pixelfed](https://pixelfed.org/)! Heavily based on Mastodon.\n* Standardize Instagram's and Facebook's scraping into new common `scraped_to_activities()`, `scraped_to_activity()`, and `merge_scraped_reactions()` methods.\n* Atom:\n  * Add the `summary` element ([#157](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/157)).\n* REST API:\n  * Bug fix: URL-encode Unicode characters in `Link` HTTP headers (eg `rel=self`, `rel=header`).\n* Facebook:\n  * Scraping now uses [mbasic.facebook.com](https://mbasic.facebook.com/) instead of [m.facebook.com](https://m.facebook.com/).\n* Flickr:\n  * Add support for adding tags to existing photos ([bridgy#857](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/857)).\n  * `get_comment()`: skip fetching comments from API if `activity` kwarg is provided and contains the requested comment.\n* GitHub:\n  * Handle [HTTP 451 Unavailable for Legal Reasons](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTP_451) responses ([eg for DMCA takedowns](https://developer.github.com/changes/2016-03-17-the-451-status-code-is-now-supported/)) gracefully.\n  * Add create/preview support for reactions on pull review request comments (ie URLs with `#discussion_r...` fragments).\n* HTML/microformats2:\n  * Add `aria-hidden=\"true\"` to empty links ([bridgy#947](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/947)).\n  * Bug fix: escape `&`, `<`, and `>` characters in bare mf2 `content` properties ([aaronpk/XRay#102](https://github.com/aaronpk/XRay/issues/102)).\n  * `json_to_object()`: convert `nickname` to `username`.\n* JSON Feed:\n  * Gracefully handle when `content_html` and `content_text` are [incorrectly](https://jsonfeed.org/version/1#items) lists instead of strings.\n* Instagram:\n  * Include threaded (ie nested) comments in scraping ([bridgy#958](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/958)).\n* Mastodon:\n  * Bug fix for alt text with image attachments ([bridgy#975](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/975)).\n  * Omit empty `limit` param [for compatibility with Pleroma](https://git.pleroma.social/pleroma/pleroma/-/issues/2198) ([bridgy#977](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/977)).\n* Meetup:\n  * `create()`: handle API errors and return the error message in the `CreationResult` ([bridgy#921](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/921)).\n* Twitter:\n  * Bug fix: URL-encode list names in API calls.\n  * Bug fix: propagate alt text into AS1 `photo.displayName` so that it gets all the way into microformats2 JSON and HTML ([#183](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/183)).\n* Reddit:\n  * Implement `post_id()`.\n  * Cache user data fetched from the API for 5m to avoid repeating user profile API requests ([bridgy#1021](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/1021)).\n    when fetching multiple comments or posts from the same author\n  * Bug fix: use 'displayName' instead of 'name' in AS1 objects for submissions.\n  * Bug fix: use tag URIs for activity ids.\n* ActivityStreams 2:\n  * `to_as1()`: for `Create` activities, include the activity actor's data in the object's author ([snarfed/bridgy-fed#75](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy-fed/issues/75)).\n  * `to_as1()`: convert `preferredUsername` to `username`.\n  * `from_as1()`: convert `username` to `preferredUsername`.\n  * `from_as1()`: bug fix, make `context` kwarg actually work.\n\n### 3.0 - 2020-04-08\n\n_Breaking changes:_\n\n* _Python 2 is no longer supported!_ Including the [App Engine Standard Python 2 runtime](https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/python/). On the plus side, the [Python 3 runtime](https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/python3/) is now supported! See this [list of differences](https://cloud.google.com/appengine/docs/standard/python3/python-differences) for more details.\n\nNon-breaking changes:\n\n* Migrate demo app and API to the App Engine Standard Python 3 runtime.\n* Instagram:\n  * Scraping: fetch 50 likes instead of 24. ([snarfed/bridgy#898](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/898))\n  * Scraping bug fix for `get_actor()` with `user_id`.\n* Twitter:\n  * Add [image alt text](https://blog.twitter.com/developer/en_us/a/2016/alt-text-support-for-twitter-cards-and-the-rest-api.html) support to `get_activites()` etc ([#183](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/183)).\n* RSS:\n  * Add `itunes:image`, `itunes:author`, and `itunes:category`.\n  * Strip HTML from `title` element ([#177](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/177)). [Background.](https://validator.w3.org/feed/docs/warning/ContainsHTML.html)\n  * Always include author in items ([#177](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/177)).\n  * Bug fix: extract feed image from `hfeed` correctly.\n  * Bug fix: don't crash on `article` or `mention` tags in items with enclosures.\n* Atom:\n  * Bug fix: extract feed image from `hfeed` correctly.\n* REST API:\n  * Add HTTP `HEAD` support.\n  * Add support for URL fragments with `input=html`. If a fragment is provided, only that specific element is extracted and converted. ([#185](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/185))\n* GitHub:\n  * Publish: preserve `<code>` tags instead of converting them to \\`s so that GitHub renders HTML entities like `&gt;` inside them instead of leaving them escaped. [Background.](https://chat.indieweb.org/dev/2019-12-24#t1577174464779200)\n* JSON Feed:\n  * Handle malformed attachments better.\n* microformats2:\n  * Don't crash on string `context` fields.\n  * `html_to_activities()`: limit to `h-entry`, `h-event`, and `h-cite` items ([#192](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/192)).\n* The `cache` kwarg to `Source.original_post_discovery()` now has no effect. `webutil.util.follow_redirects()` has its own built in caching now.\n* Added Meetup.com support for publishing RSVPs.\n\n### 2.2 - 2019-11-02\n* Add Mastodon support!\n* Add Python 3.7 support, and improve overall Python 3 compatibility.\n* Update a number of dependencies.\n* Switch from Python's built in `json` module to [`ujson`](https://github.com/esnme/ultrajson/) to speed up JSON parsing and encoding.\n* Add `duration` and `size` support to ActivityStreams 1 and 2, RSS, and microformats2 HTML and JSON. [microformats2 support is still emerging for both](https://indieweb.org/podcast#Brainstorming). Both integer seconds and [ISO 8601 string durations](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_8601#Durations) are supported for `duration`. Integer bytes is used for `size` everywhere. microformats2 HTML also includes human-readable strings, eg `5.1 MB`. ([#169](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/169))\n* Twitter:\n  * `[preview]_create()`: detect attempts to upload [images over 5MB](https://developer.twitter.com/en/docs/media/upload-media/uploading-media/media-best-practices#image-specs) and return an error.\n* Facebook:\n  * Add `get_activities(scrape=True)` for scraping HTML from [m.facebook.com](https://m.facebook.com/). Requires `c_user` and `xs` cookies from a logged in session ([snarfed/bridgy#886](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/886)).\n  * [Upgrade Graph API version from 2.10 to 4.0.](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/graph-api/changelog)\n* Atom:\n  * Bug fix for de-duping images in attachments.\n* RSS:\n  * Wrap all `<description>` element contents in `CDATA` sections.\n  * Render images in `<description>` with HTML `<img>` tags ([#175](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/175)).\n  * `from_activities()` bug fix: don't crash when converting multiple attachments to enclosures in a single item. (RSS only supports one enclosure per item, so we now only include the first, and log a warning if the activity has more.)\n\n### 2.1 - 2019-09-04\n* Convert AS2 `Mention` tags to AS1 `objectType` `mention` (non-standard) and vice versa ([snarfed/bridgy-fed#46](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy-fed/issues/46)).\n* Twitter:\n  * Bug fix for large block list fetches that get rate limited after a few successful requests.\n  * Handle HTTP 403 + error code 200 when fetching retweets for a protected or otherwise unavailable tweet ([bridgy#688](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/688#issuecomment-520600329)).\n  * Demote @-mentions from [person-tags](https://indieweb.org/person-tag) to [mentions](https://indieweb.org/mention). Specifically, this means they'll no longer get rendered with `u-category` mf2.\n* Instagram:\n  * Disabled in the REST API entirely due to Instagram's aggressive rate limiting and blocking ([bridgy#655](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/665#issuecomment-524977427)).\n  * Update scraping to handle replies in new `edge_media_to_parent_comment` field ([#164](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/164)).\n  * Use cookie for all scraping HTTP requests, not just for likes.\n* microformats2:\n  * Revise whitespace handling; use `white-space: pre` CSS in HTML output.\n* Facebook:\n  * Bug fix: don't interpret `photo.php` as username in post URLs.\n* Atom:\n  * Switch from `white-space: pre` CSS back to converting newlines to `<br>`s because some feed readers ([eg NewsBlur](https://forum.newsblur.com/t/android-cant-read-line-pre-formatted-lines/6116)) follow it too strictly and don't even line wrap.\n* RSS:\n  * Default title to ellipsized content.\n\n### 2.0 - 2019-03-01\n\n_Breaking change_: drop Google+ since [it shuts down in March](https://developers.google.com/+/api-shutdown). Notably, this removes the `googleplus` module.\n\n### 1.15 - 2019-02-28\n* Add RSS 2.0 output! ([#124](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/124))\n* All silos:\n  * Switch users' primary URLs from web site to silo profile ([#158](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/158)).\n* GitHub:\n  * Don't enclose bare URLs in `<`/`>` ([snarfed/bridgy#850](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/850)).\n* Atom:\n  * Bug fix for actors and attachments with multiple image URLs.\n  * Bug fix for attachment author objects with no properties.\n* Google+:\n  * Drop from web UI and REST API since [consumer Google+ is shutting down entirely](https://blog.google/technology/safety-security/expediting-changes-google-plus/) ([more](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/846)).\n  * Switch from deprecated global API endpoint to G+ endpoint. Background in [snarfed/bridgy#846](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/846), [Google blog post](https://developers.googleblog.com/2018/03/discontinuing-support-for-json-rpc-and.html) [and docs](https://developers.google.com/api-client-library/python/guide/batch).\n* Instagram:\n  * Fix individual photo/video link urls for multi-photo/video posts.\n  * Handle [user-provided alt text](https://instagram-press.com/blog/2018/11/28/creating-a-more-accessible-instagram/) ([#159](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/159)).\n* Twitter:\n  * Update max video upload size from 5MB to 512MB ([#162](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/162)).\n* `/url`: Return HTTP 400 when fetching the user's URL results in an infinite redirect.\n\n### 1.14 - 2018-11-12\nAdd `delete()`. Currently includes Twitter and Flickr support.\n* Instagram:\n  * Make extra HTTP fetch (with cookie) to get individual likes ([snarfed/bridgy#840](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/840)).\n  * Update scraping logic to handle feed HTML changes.\n  * Link @-mentions in comments as well as photo/video captions.\n* GitHub:\n  * `create`/`preview_create` bug fixes for issues and comments on private repos.\n  * Handle HTTP 410 Gone responses from REST API, eg when a repo has been deleted or issues for the repo disabled.\n* Twitter:\n  * Add `delete()` and `preview_delete()` for deleting tweets.\n* Flickr:\n  * Add `delete()` and `preview_delete()` for deleting photos.\n* microformats2:\n  * Add [follow-of](https://indieweb.org/follow) support.\n  * Only use quotation-of property for quote tweets, not URLs. ([#155](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/155))\n  * If a tag has startIndex/length, it gets linkified in the content, so don't also emit an mf2 child or HTML h-cite for it. ([#155](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/155)\n* Atom:\n  * Encode `&`s in author URL and email address too. (Thanks [sebsued](https://twitter.com/sebsued)!)\n* AS2:\n  * Add `Follow` support.\n\n### 1.13 - 2018-08-08\n* Twitter:\n  * Support ISO 8601 formatted created_at timestamps, which the [archive download uses](https://help.twitter.com/en/managing-your-account/how-to-download-your-twitter-archive), as well as RFC 2822 from the API.\n  * `create()` and `preview_create()`: support RSVPs. Tweet them as normal tweets with the RSVP content. ([snarfed/bridgy#818](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/818))\n  * `create()` and `preview_create()`: support alt text for images, via AS1 `displayName`. ([snarfed/bridgy#756](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/756)).\n* Instagram:\n  * Add global rate limiting lock for scraping. If a scraping HTTP request gets a 429 or 503 response, we refuse to make more requests for 5m, and instead short circuit and return the same error. This can be overridden with a new `ignore_rate_limit` kwarg to `get_activities()`.\n* GitHub:\n  * Add `tag` support to `create`/`preview_create` to add label(s) to existing issues ([snarfed/bridgy#811](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/811)).\n  * Escape HTML characters (`<`, `>`, and `&`) in content in `create()` and `preview_create()` ([snarfed/bridgy#810](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/810)).\n  * `get_activities()` and `get_comment()` now return `ValueError` instead of `AssertionError` on malformed `activity_id` and `comment_id` args, respectively.\n  * `get_activities()` bug fix for issues/PRs with no body text.\n  * Switch from GraphQL to REST API for creating comments and reactions, since GraphQL hits authorization errors on many org repos. ([snarfed/bridgy#824](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/824))\n  * Improve GraphQL support for comments and users.\n* Atom:\n  * Shorten and ellipsize feed title when necessary ([#144](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/144)).\n* microformats2:\n  * Upgrade mf2py to improve a few things like [implied p-name detection](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2-implied-properties) and whitespace handling ([#142](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/142), fixes [#145](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/145), [snarfed/bridgy#756](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/756), [snarfed/bridgy#828](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/828)).\n  * Support `alt` attribute in `<img>` tags ([snarfed/bridgy#756](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/756)).\n\n### 1.12 - 2018-03-24\n* Add Python 3 support! Granary now requires either Python 2.7+ or Python 3.3+.\n* Instagram:\n  * Fix scraping profile pages.\n* Twitter:\n  * Update character counting to handle Twitter change that now auto-links *all* ccTLDs. [Background.](https://github.com/kylewm/brevity/issues/8)\n* GitHub:\n  * Bug fix for `get_activities()` with deleted issues and repos.\n* microformats2:\n  * `object_to_json()`: convert tags to simple strings in the `category` property, not full nested objects like `h-card`s ([#141](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/141)).\n  * Special case GitHub issues that are in-reply-to a repo or its `/issues` URL to be objectType `issue`.\n  * Render simple string categories in HTML output.\n\nThis release is intentionally small and limited in scope to contain any impact of the Python 3 migration. It *should* be a noop for existing Python 2 users, and we've tested thoroughly, but I'm sure there are still bugs. Please file issues if you notice anything broken!\n\n### 1.11 - 2018-03-09\n* Add GitHub!\n  * `get_activities()` supports issues and pull requests, including comments and reactions. It's currently based on notifications, so it's best effort, not comprehensive, and only includes recently active issues/PRs.\n  * `create()` and `preview_create()` support issues, comments, [stars](https://help.github.com/articles/about-stars), and [reactions](https://help.github.com/articles/about-conversations-on-github/#reacting-to-ideas-in-comments).\n* Twitter:\n  * Prefer MP4 and other video/... content types to HLS (.m3u8) etc. [Background.](https://twittercommunity.com/t/retiring-mp4-video-output/66093)\n  * Prefer HTTPS URLs for media images.\n  * `get_activities()`: Support @-prefixed usernames in `user_id`.\n* Facebook:\n  * Support new [recurring aka multi-instance events](https://stackoverflow.com/questions/45131646/decoding-recurring-events-from-facebook-open-graph-api). `create()` and `preview_create()` now only support RSVPs to individual instances of multi-instance events, to match the Facebook API itself.\n  * Try harder to find original (full) sized photo URLs, specifically `_o.jpg` files instead of `_s.jpg`.\n  * `create()` bug fix for photo and image URLs with unicode characters.\n  * Fixed bug where `get_activities(user_id=...)` included the authenticated user's own recent photos, albums, and news publishes.\n* Instagram:\n  * Extract more user (`author`) data from scraped profile pages.\n  * Fix home page feed scraping.\n* microformats2, Atom:\n  * Add enclosures for image attachments.\n  * Bug fixes for rendering image, video, and audio attachments inside shares and attachments. De-dupe images.\n* microformats2:\n  * Handle simple string-only author properties.\n  * Add `fetch_mf2` kwarg to `json_to_object()` for fetching additional pages over HTTP to determine authorship.\n  * Generate explicit blank `p-name` in HTML to prevent old flawed [implied p-name handling](http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2-implied-properties) ([#131](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/131)).\n  * Fix `share` verb handling in `activity_to_json()` and `activities_to_html()` ([#134](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/134)).\n  * Remember which content contains HTML, preserve newlines in it, and don't translate those newlines to `<br>`s ([#130](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/130)).\n* Atom:\n  * Fix timezone bugs in `updated` and `published`.\n* JSON Feed:\n  * Omit title from items if it's the same as the content. (Often caused by microformats2's implied `p-name` logic.)\n\n### 1.10 - 2017-12-10\n* Moved web site and REST API to [granary.io](https://granary.io/)! [granary-demo.appspot.com](https://granary-demo.appspot.com/) now 301 redirects.\n* Twitter:\n  * Update the publish character limit to 280. [Background.](https://twittercommunity.com/t/updating-the-character-limit-and-the-twitter-text-library/96425)\n  * Fix a [bug in preview_create that auto-linked @-mentions inside URLs](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/527#issuecomment-346302800), e.g. Medium posts.\n  * Support videos and animated GIFs in `get_activities()` etc.\n* Instagram:\n  * Add cookie query param to REST API to allow scraping that logged in user's feed.\n* HTML (including Atom content):\n  * Render image, video, and audio attachments more often and consistently.\n  * Include microformats2 `u-photo`, `u-video`, and `u-audio` classes more often and consistently.\n* Atom:\n  * Add `atom_to_activities()` for converting full feed documents.\n  * Add to REST API and web UI.\n  * Include source URL in `rel=alternate` link as well as actor/author URL ([#151](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/151)).\n* JSON Feed:\n  * Fix bug that omitted title in some cases ([#122](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/122)).\n\n### 1.9 - 2017-10-24\n\n* Add [ActivityStreams 2.0](http://www.w3.org/TR/activitystreams-core/)! New `as2` module includes `to_as1()` and `from_as1()` functions. Currently supported: articles, notes, replies, likes, reposts, events, RSVPs, tags, attachments.\n* Atom:\n  * Add new `atom_to_activity()` function for converting Atom to AS1.\n  * Add email field to author, if provided.\n* JSON Feed:\n  * Raise ValueError on bad (non-dict) input.\n* REST API:\n  * Add `as2` value for `format` and `input`. Revise existing ActivityStreams and microformats2 value names to `as1`, `as1-xml`, and `mf2-json`. Old values `activitystreams`, `json`, `json-mf2`, and `xml` are still accepted, but deprecated.\n\n### 1.8 - 2017-08-29\n\n* Add [JSON Feed](https://jsonfeed.org/) support to both library and REST API.\n* Twitter:\n    * Add `get_blocklist()`.\n    * Bug fix for creating replies, favorites, or retweets of video URLs, e.g. https://twitter.com/name/status/123/video/1 .\n    * Bug fix for parsing favorites HTML to handle a small change on Twitter's side.\n    * `post_id()` now validates ids more strictly before returning them.\n* Facebook:\n    * Improve heuristic for determining privacy of wall posts from other users.\n    * Support GIFs in comments (attachment types `animated_image_autoplay` and `animated_image_share`).\n    * Upgrade Graph API from [v2.6](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/apps/changelog#v2_6) to [v2.10](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/apps/changelog#v2_10).\n* Instagram:\n    * Update scraping to handle new home page (ie news feed) JSON schema, which changed sometime around 2017-02-27. (Profile pages and individual photo/video permalinks still haven't changed yet.)\n* microformats2:\n    * Add [`u-featured`](https://indieweb.org/featured) to ActivityStreams `image`.\n    * Improve `h-event` support.\n    * Minor whitespace change (added <p>) when rendering locations as HTML.\n    * `post_id()` now validates ids more strictly before returning them.\n    * Fix bugs in converting latitude and longitude between ActivityStreams and mf2.\n* Google+:\n    * Update HTML scraping to handle changed serialized JSON data format.\n* Atom:\n    * Add new `activity_to_atom()` function that renders a single top-level `<entry>` instead of `<feed>`.\n    * Add new `reader` query param for toggling rendering decisions that are specific to feed readers. Right now, just affects location: it's rendered in the content when `reader=true` (the default), omitted when `reader=false`.\n    * Include author name when rendering attached articles and notes (e.g. quote tweets).\n    * Only include AS `activity:object-type` and `activity:verb` elements when they have values.\n    * Render AS image and mf2 u-photo if they're not already in content.\n    * Render `thr:in-reply-to` from `object.inReplyTo` as well as `activity.context.inReplyTo`.\n* REST API:\n    * Fix bugs in html => json-mf2 and html => html conversions.\n* Upgrade brevity to 0.2.14 for a couple [bug](https://github.com/kylewm/brevity/issues/5) [fixes](https://github.com/kylewm/brevity/issues/6).\n\n### 1.7 - 2017-02-27\n* microformats2:\n    * Interpret h-cite and [u-quotation-of](https://indieweb.org/quotation#How_to_markup) (experimental) as attachments, e.g. for quote tweets.\n    * Convert [audio](http://indieweb.org/audio) and [video](http://indieweb.org/video) properties to AS attachments.\n* Twitter:\n    * Linkify @-mentions and hashtags in `preview_create()`.\n    * Support creating quote tweets from attachments with Twitter URLs.\n    * When converting quote tweets to AS, strip quoted tweet URL from end of text.\n    * Raise ValueError when `get_activities()` is passed `group_id='@search'` but not `search_query`.\n* Instagram:\n    * Improve HTML scraping error handling.\n    * Support [multi-photo/video posts](https://www.instagram.com/p/BQ0mDB2gV_O/).\n* Facebook:\n    * Disable creating \"interested\" RSVPs, since Facebook's API doesn't allow it.\n* Atom:\n    * Support [media enclosures](http://atomenabled.org/developers/syndication/#link) for audio and video attachments.\n* Source.get_activities(): start raising ValueError on bad argument values, notably invalid Facebook and Twitter ids and Instagram search queries.\n* Fix rendering and linkifying content with Unicode high code points (ie above the 16-bit Basic Multilingual Plane), including some emoji, on \"narrow\" builds of Python 2 with `--enable-unicode=ucs2`, which is the default on Mac OS X, Windows, and older *nix.\n\n### 1.6 - 2016-11-26\n* Twitter:\n    * Handle new \"extended\" tweets with hidden reply-to @-mentions and trailing\n    URLs for media, quote tweets, etc. Background:\n    https://dev.twitter.com/overview/api/upcoming-changes-to-tweets\n    * Bug fix: ensure like.author.displayName is a plain unicode string so that it\n    can be pickled normally, e.g. by App Engine's memcache.\n    * Bug fix: handle names with emoji correctly in favorites_html_to_likes().\n    * Bug fix: handle search queries with unicode characters.\n* Atom:\n    * Render full original quoted tweet in retweets of quote tweets.\n* microformats2 HTML:\n    * Optionally follow and fetch rel=\"author\" links.\n    * Improve mapping between microformats2 and ActivityStreams 'photo' types. (mf2 'photo' type is a note or article *with* a photo, but AS 'photo' type *is* a photo. So, map mf2 photos to underlying type without photo.)\n    * Support location properties beyond h-card, e.g. h-adr, h-geo, u-geo, and even\n    when properties like latitude and longitude appear at the top level.\n* Error handling: return HTTP 502 for non-JSON API responses, 504 for connection failures.\n\n### 1.5 - 2016-08-25\n* REST API:\n    * Support tag URI for user id, app id, and activity id.\n* Twitter:\n    * Better error message when uploading a photo with an unsupported type.\n    * Only include original quote tweets, not retweets of them.\n    * Skip fetching retweets for protected accounts since the API call always 403s.\n* Flickr:\n    * Better username detection. Flickr's API is very inconsistent about username\n    vs real name vs path alias. This specifically detects when a user name is\n    probably actually a real name because it has a space.\n    * Uploading: detect and handle App Engine's 10MB HTTP request limit.\n    * Bug fix in create: handle unicode characters in photo/video description,\n    hashtags, and comment text.\n* Atom:\n    * Bug fix: escape &s in attachments' text (e.g. quote tweets).\n    * Bug fix: handle multiply valued 'object' fields in ActivityStreams 1 activities.\n* GitHub:\n    * Switch creating comments and reactions from GraphQL to REST API ([bridgy#824](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/824).\n\n### 1.4.1 - 2016-06-27\n* Bump oauth-dropins requirement to 1.4.\n\n### 1.4.0 - 2016-06-27\n* REST API:\n    * Cache silo requests for 5m by default, 60m for Instagram because they aggressively blocking scraping. You can skip the cache with the new cache=false query param.\n* Facebook:\n    * Upgrade from API v2.2 to v2.6. https://developers.facebook.com/docs/apps/changelog\n    * Add reaction support.\n    * De-dupe event RSVPs by user.\n* Twitter:\n    * Switch create() to use brevity for counting characters. https://github.com/kylewm/brevity\n    * Fix bug in create() that occasionally incorrectly escaped ., +, and - characters.\n    * Fix text rendering bug when there are multipl photos/videos.\n    * When replying to yourself, don't add a self @-mention.\n* Instagram:\n    * Fix bugs in scraping.\n* Upgrade to requests 2.10.0 and requests-toolbelt 0.60, which support App Engine.\n\n### 1.3.1 - 2016-04-07\n* Update [oauth-dropins](https://github.com/snarfed/oauth-dropins) dependency to >=1.3.\n\n### 1.3.0 - 2016-04-06\n* Support posting videos! Currently in Facebook, Flickr, and Twitter.\n* Instagram:\n    * Add support for scraping, since they're [locking down their API and requiring manual approval](http://developers.instagram.com/post/133424514006/instagram-platform-update).\n    * Linkify @-mentions in photo captions.\n* Facebook:\n    * Fetch [Open Graph stories](https://developers.facebook.com/docs/reference/opengraph/action-type/news.publishes/) aka `news.publish` actions.\n    * Many bug fixes for photo posts: better privacy detection, fix bug that attached comments to wrong posts.\n* Twitter:\n    * Handle all photos/videos attached to a tweet, not just the first.\n    * Stop fetching replies to @-mentions.\n* Atom:\n    * Render attachments.\n    * Add `xml:base`.\n* microformats2:\n    * Load and convert h-card.\n    * Implement full post type discovery algorithm, using mf2util. https://indiewebcamp.com/post-type-discovery\n    * Drop support for h-as-* classes, both incoming and outgoing. They're deprecated in favor of post type discovery.\n    * Drop old deprecated `u-like` and `u-repost` properties.\n* Misc bug fixes.\n* Set up Coveralls.\n\n### 1.2.0 - 2016-01-11\n* Improve original post discovery algorithm. ([bridgy #51](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/51))\n* Flickr tweaks. ([bridgy #466](https://github.com/snarfed/bridgy/issues/466))\n* Add mf2, activitystreams, atom, and search to interactive UI. ([#31](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/31), [#29](https://github.com/snarfed/granary/issues/29))\n* Improved post type discovery (using mf2util).\n* Extract user web site links from all fields in profile (e.g. description/bio).\n* Add fabricated fragments to comment/like permalinks (e.g. #liked-by-user123) so that object urls are always unique (multiple silos).\n* Improve formatting/whitespace support in create/preview (multiple silos).\n* Google+:\n    * Add search.\n* Facebook:\n    * Fetch more things in get_activities: photos, events, RSVPs.\n    * Support person tags in create/preview.\n    * Prevent facebook from automatically consolidating photo posts by uploading photos to \"Timeline Photos\" album.\n    * Include title in create/preview.\n    * Improve object id parsing/resolving.\n    * Improve tag handling.\n    * Bug fix for fetching nested comments.\n    * Misc improvements, API error/flakiness handling.\n* Flickr:\n    * Create/preview support for photos, comments, favorites, tags, person tags, location.\n* Twitter:\n    * Create/preview support for location, multiple photos.\n    * Fetch quote tweets.\n    * Fetching user mentions improvements, bug fixes.\n    * Fix embeds.\n    * Misc AS conversion improvements.\n* microformats2:\n    * Improve like and repost rendering.\n* Misc bug fixes.\n* Set up CircleCI.\n\n### 1.1.0 - 2015-09-06\n* Add Flickr.\n* Facebook:\n    * Fetch multiple id formats, e.g. with and without USERID_ prefix.\n    * Support threaded comments.\n    * Switch from /posts API endpoint to /feed.\n* Google+:\n    * Support converting plus.google.com HTML to ActivityStreams.\n* Instagram:\n    * Support location.\n* Improve original post discovery algorithm.\n* New logo.\n\n### 1.0.1 - 2015-07-11\n* Bug fix for atom template rendering.\n* Facebook, Instagram: support access_token parameter.\n\n### 1.0 - 2015-07-10\n* Initial PyPi release.\n\n\n",
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